Forklifts are industrial handling vehicles, which refer to various wheeled handling vehicles for loading, unloading, stacking and short-distance transportation of palletized goods. The International Organization for Standardization ISO/TC110 is called an industrial vehicle. model selection 1, model classification forklifts can generally be divided into three categories: internal combustion forklifts, electric forklifts and storage forklifts. (1) Internal combustion forklifts Internal combustion forklifts are divided into ordinary internal combustion forklifts, heavy forklifts, container forklifts and side forklifts. ① Ordinary internal combustion forklifts generally use diesel, gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas or natural gas engines as power, with a load capacity of 1.2 to 8.0 tons, and a working channel width of 3.5 to 5.0 meters. Considering exhaust emissions and noise, they are usually used outdoors and in workshops. Or other places that have no special requirements for exhaust emissions and noise. Due to the convenience of fuel replenishment, it can achieve long-term continuous operation and can be competent to work in harsh environments (such as rainy days). ② Heavy-duty forklifts uses diesel engines as power, with a carrying capacity of 10.0-52.0 tons. They are generally used for outdoor operations in heavy cargo wharfs, steel and other industries. ③ Container forklift uses diesel engine as power, carrying capacity is 8.0~45.0 tons, generally divided into empty container stacker, heavy container stacker and container reach stacker. Used in container handling, such as container yard or port terminal operations. ④ Side forklift uses diesel engine as power, with a carrying capacity of 3.0 to 6.0 tons. In the case of not turning, it has the ability to fork goods directly from the side, so it is mainly used to fork long goods, such as wooden strips, steel bars, etc. (2) uses electric motor as power and storage battery as energy source. The carrying capacity is 1.0 to 4.8 tons, and the working channel width is generally 3.5 to 5.0 meters. Because there is no pollution and low noise, it is widely used in high environmental requirements, such as medicine, food and other industries. Since each battery generally needs to be charged after about 8 hours of work, it is necessary to equip a spare battery for multi-shift working conditions. （3）Warehouse forklift Warehouse forklift is mainly a forklift designed for the transportation of goods in the warehouse. Except for a few storage forklifts (such as manual pallet forklifts) that are driven by humans, others are driven by electric motors. Because of their compact body, flexible movement, light weight and good environmental performance, they are widely used in the storage industry. ①Electric pallet handling forklift The carrying capacity is 1.6-3.0 tons, the working channel width is generally 2.3-2.8 meters, and the lifting height of the forks is generally about 210mm. It is mainly used for horizontal transportation and cargo loading and unloading in the warehouse. Generally, there are two operation modes: walking mode and standing driving mode, which can be selected according to efficiency requirements. ②The electric pallet stacking forklift has a carrying capacity of 1.0 to 1.6 tons, and the working channel width is generally 2.3 to 2.8 meters. In terms of structure, it has more masts than electric pallet handling forklifts. The lifting height of the forks is generally within 4.8 meters and is mainly used in warehouses. Stacking and loading and unloading of goods inside. ③ The forward-moving forklift has a carrying capacity of 1.0 to 2.5 tons, and the mast can be moved forward or retracted as a whole. When retracted, the working channel width is generally 2.7 to 3.2 meters, and the lifting height can reach up to about 11 meters. It is often used for medium height in warehouses. Stacking and picking up operations. 2. According to the working conditions, the choice of model and configuration model and configuration should generally start from the following aspects: (1) Operation function The basic operation function of the forklift is divided into horizontal handling, stacking/picking, loading/unloading, and picking. . According to the operating functions that the enterprise wants to achieve, it can be preliminarily determined from the models described above. In addition, special operating functions will affect the specific configuration of the forklift, such as paper rolls, molten iron, etc., which require the forklift to install attachments to complete the special functions. (2) Forklift operation requirements. Forklift operation requirements include general requirements such as pallet or cargo specifications, lifting height, operating channel width, and gradeability. At the same time, it is also necessary to consider operating efficiency (different models have different efficiency) and operating habits (such as habits). Driving or standing) and other requirements. When selecting and determining the configuration, the working conditions shall be described in detail to the forklift supplier, and on-site investigation shall be carried out to ensure that the forklift purchased fully meets the needs of the enterprise. After comprehensive evaluation of the above aspects, the most reasonable plan should be selected.
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