The rapid development of electronic control technology makes the operation of electric forklifts more and more comfortable. The wider the scope of application, the more and more solutions to solve the logistics. The market demand for electric forklifts will grow faster and faster, and the market share of electric forklifts will increase. Come bigger. Due to its simple and flexible operation and control, the operating intensity of electric forklifts is much lighter than that of internal combustion forklifts. Its electric steering system, acceleration control system, hydraulic control system and brake system are all controlled by electric signals, which greatly reduces In this way, the labor intensity of the operator is greatly improved, which is very helpful to improve the work efficiency and accuracy of the work. Below, along with the editor of the electric forklift manufacturer, we will analyze which is better from the comparison of the cost of electric forklifts and gas-fired forklifts: 1. Purchase cost: Taking a 3-ton forklift as an example, the standard ex-factory price of a 3-ton internal combustion forklift is 60,000 yuan. The standard ex-factory price of a 3-ton electric forklift with the same load is 119,000 yuan. 2. Cost of use: The cost of electricity consumption is much lower than that of diesel. A diesel internal combustion forklift with a load capacity of three tons consumes diesel fuel per shift (calculated based on the consumption of 40 liters of diesel per shift, and the vehicle consumes 5.5 liters of diesel per hour with 60 VDI cycles). The cost is about 288 yuan (per liter of diesel) 7.2 yuan). If a 3-ton electric forklift uses an 80V 500AH battery (the battery’s stored power is 8×500u003d40 kWh), it needs to consume electric energy for one shift (discharge 80%, according to the 120% supplementary charging ratio) (About 40 degrees) The cost is about 40 yuan (calculated based on the current industrial electricity consumption of 1 yuan per kilowatt-hour). Of course, due to the implementation of the new peak-to-valley time-of-use tariff policy in various places using industrial electricity, in actual operation, electric forklifts work during the day and charge at night to save electricity. According to an average daily saving of 140 yuan, if calculated according to 250 working days a year, it can save 35,000 yuan in energy costs a year. If you use 2 years of time to calculate, (the cycle of the battery is discharged 500 times to calculate the replacement cycle), the energy consumption of electric forklifts can save 70,000 yuan compared with diesel forklifts. And in fact, the number of charging and discharging of 20% of the electric pallet truck
battery's alarm capacity has exceeded 3000 times. 3. Maintenance cost: Generally, the maintenance cycle of internal combustion forklifts is 500 working hours at the longest, while many electric forklifts can reach a maintenance cycle of more than 1,000 to 1,500 hours. Maintenance content. The maintenance of electric forklifts is much simpler than that of internal combustion forklifts. Usually, it only needs to lubricate some joint movable parts such as mast bearings, steering bridges, etc. The main purpose is to check and clean, and the maximum is every 2000 or 3000 hours. Come to change the hydraulic oil once. In addition to lubrication, internal combustion forklift trucks need to replace the engine oil and oil filter every 500 hours (generally every 300 hours), and replace the hydraulic oil, engine oil, transmission oil and these oil filters every 1000 hours. . Also replace the belts (the timing belt of the engine, the generator belt, etc.). Maintenance cost is calculated based on 2000 hours of operation per year. The maintenance cost of internal combustion forklifts is 3,000 to 4,000 yuan (material costs only), while the maintenance cost of electric forklifts is only 1,000 to 1,500 yuan (material costs). 4. Comparison of the overhaul cost of electric forklift battery and internal combustion forklift engine: If the service life of the battery of an electric forklift is based on 20% of the alarm power charge and discharge times 2000 charge and discharge cycles, the working hours of the forklift will be about 10,000 hours. It is also equivalent to the time of the engine overhaul of an internal combustion forklift. At this time, the replacement cost of the electric forklift battery is relatively close to the cost of the engine overhaul, but the speed of replacing the battery is faster than the speed of overhauling the engine (or the speed of replacing the engine) It is much faster, and it also reflects the advantage of time efficiency. It can be seen that although the cost of purchasing an electric pallet truck is higher than that of an internal combustion forklift with the same load capacity, the total cost of use can be directly measured by data. It can be seen that it is actually an electric forklift. The total cost is much lower than that of internal combustion forklifts. .
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